About FAiR

The Finding Agreement in Return (FAiR) project aims to strengthen the governance of return migration in the EU, addressing the legitimacy issues around return migration policies and alternatives. In the coming years, the project will generate new insights into the factors and processes that either foster or impede the legitimacy and effectiveness of related policies. The initiative places the perspectives of non-EU realities centre stage and brings together multidisciplinary expertise from academic, policy research, governmental, and migrant advocacy organisations across Europe, Africa, and the Middle East.


In our globally interconnected society, fostering effective migration governance is essential, underscored by challenges like the 2015 migrant influx. EU Member States face complexities in managing migration, emphasizing the need for collaborative solutions. Despite efforts to engage non-EU nations for the return of irregular migrants, achieving cooperation remains a challenge, with modest rates of enforced returns. The current EU strategy, centered on rational cost-benefit assessments and offering incentives, may not fully consider normative aspects crucial for sustainable cooperation, as suggested by FAiR. FAiR advocates for a comprehensive approach that values legitimacy, normative considerations, and alternative policies to address the intricate dynamics of global migration. Striking a balance between enforcement and alternative strategies is key to building sustainable cooperation and reducing implementation gaps.


This project aims to enhance the efficiency, effectiveness, and humanity of EU return management. Our goal is to contribute to a more robust and human-rights based framework for managing returns within the EU. We will achieve this by providing policy recommendations derived from a thorough evaluation of:

  1. EU and bilateral intergovernmental return policies, and
  2. alternative approaches to return policies.

This map is just used for illustrative purposes and that names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the FAiR project partners.

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